When it comes to preventing dengue, the responsibility lies with everyone, and preventive measures must start from home This is a community message (blog post) brought to you by Ministry of Health Malaysia and JOSHUAONGYS.COM
I can still remember that there’s one week in my secondary school life where i stayed overnight at Selayang Hospital after learning the fact that I got dengue. I had random pains, high fever with vomiting and diarrhea. I was told that i have low levels of blood platelets. Nurses came 3-4 times per day to get my blood, that includes waking up in the middle of the night getting poked a few times. T__T
Doctor ordered that i have the need for intravenous fluid therapy for replacement of lost plasma using isotonic saline solution. So there was this tube which was connected directly into my vein on my left hand and i had to carry this whenever i move out from my bed to the toilet.
The whole week was quite a nightmare for me. Hospital food wasn’t the worse part, the worse part was not being able to bath in a few days adding on to the blood taking sessions in the middle of the night especially when some nurses couldn’t find the right spot.
Am glad i’m over it since then till now where the sickness didn’t come back haunting me but i thought that you guys would need to know more facts about Dengue.
Dengue is transmitted by the bite of an Aedes mosquito infected with any one of the four dengue viruses. Symptoms would appear 3—14 days after the infective bite. Here are some key facts about Dengue :
What is dengue infection?
Dengue is an acute flu-like fever caused by a virus. It occurs in two forms:
(a) Dengue fever (DF)
(b) Dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF)
Dengue fever is marked by an onset of sudden high fever, severe headache, pain behind the eyes, and pain in the muscles and joints. Dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a more severe form, in which bleeding and sometimes shock occurs. This can lead to death. It is most serious in children. Symptoms of bleeding usually occur after 2-3 days of fever.
The high fever continues for 5-6 days (103-105°F or 39–40°C). It comes
down on the third or the fourth day but rises again. The patient feels a lot of
discomfort and is very weak after the illness.
Dengue spreads rapidly and may affect large numbers of people during an
epidemic, resulting in reduced work productivity. More importantly, it causes the
loss of lives.
Symptoms of Dengue Fever
(1) Sudden onset of high fever
(2) Severe headache (mostly in the forehead)
(3) Pain behind the eyes which worsens with eye movement
(4) Body aches and joint pains
(5) Nausea or vomiting
Basic facts on Dengue
(1) How does dengue spread?
Dengue is spread through the bite of an infected Aedes aegypti mosquito. The mosquito gets the virus by biting an infected person. The first symptoms of the disease occur about 5-7 days after the infected bite.
There is no way to tell if a mosquito is carrying the dengue virus. Therefore, people must protect themselves from all mosquito bites.
(2) Where does this mosquito live?
This mosquito rests indoors, in closets and other dark places. Outside, it rests where it is cool and shaded. The female mosquito lays her eggs in water containers in and around homes, schools and other areas in towns or villages. These eggs become adults in about 10 days.
(3) Where does the mosquito breed?
Dengue mosquitoes breed in stored, exposed, water collection systems. The favoured breeding places are: barrels, drums, jars, pots, buckets, flower vases, plant saucers, tanks, discarded bottles/tins, tyres, water coolers, etc. and a lot more places where rainwater collects or is stored.
Prevention of Dengue
All control efforts should be directed against the mosquitoes. It is important to take control measures to eliminate the mosquitoes and their breeding places. Efforts should be intensified before the transmission season (during and after the rainy season) and during epidemics.
(1) Prevent mosquito bites:
(a) Dengue Mosquitoes Bite During the Daytime – Protect Yourself From the Bite
(b) Use repellents – care should be taken in using repellents on young children and elders.
(c) Use mosquito coils and electric vapour mats during the daytime to prevent dengue.
(d) Use mosquito nets to protect babies, old people and others who may
rest during the day.
(e) Break the cycle of mosquito-human-mosquito infection. Mosquitoes become infected when they bite people who are sick with dengue. Mosquito nets and mosquito coils will effectively prevent more mosquitoes from biting sick people and help stop the spread of dengue.
(2) Prevent the multiplication of mosquitoes:
Mosquitoes which spread dengue live and breed in stagnant water in and around houses.
(a) Drain out the water from desert/window air coolers (when not in use), tanks, barrels, drums, buckets, etc.
(b) Remove all objects containing water (e.g. plant saucers, etc.) from the house.
(c) All stored water containers should be kept covered at all times.
(d) Collect and destroy discarded containers in which water collects, e.g. bottles, plastic bags, tins, tyres, etc.
With more than one-third of the world’s population living in areas at risk for transmission, dengue infection is a leading cause of illness and death in the tropics and subtropics. As many as 100 million people are infected yearly!
In my case, i only got DF and not DHF but anyhow anyways, you won’t want to get any of them! That being said, let’s all fight Dengue together where we have to start it from the comfort of our homes!!!
FOR A BETTER TOMORROW!
When it comes to preventing dengue, the responsibility lies with everyone, and preventive measures must start from home – This is a community message (blog post) brought to you by Ministry of Health Malaysia and JOSHUAONGYS.COM
Source of Information : World Health Organization